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(Mt. 27:45-54)

(Mt 27:45) Now from the sixth hour…darkness… unto the ninth hour.

Day in NT:

3rd hr. 6-9 A.M.

6th hr. 9-12midday

9th hr. 12-3 P.M.

12th hr. 3-6 P.M.

Night in NT:

1st Watch 6-9 P.M.

2nd Watch 9-12 P.M.

3rd Watch (cock crow) 12-3 A.M.

4th Watch (morning) 3-6 A.M.

From 9 AM till noon Calvary a place of much activity.

Soldiers done their jobs (vv 33-38),

People blasphemed Jesus.

Chief priests, scribes, elders made fun of Savior.

2 thieves reviled Him.

Jesus spoken first 3 words on cross.

Noon--becomes dark. (Amos 8:9)

Odd type of darkness. Very intense, very unforgettable.

Least expected: High noon.

Liberals. make this darkness seem a natural occurrence


1. Thunderstorm

2. Black sirocco storm from desert.

3. Eclipse of sun

Impossible at time of Passover (full moon).

Eclipse not last 3 hrs.

(Luke 23:45) And the sun was darkened,(obscured, covered).

Light of sun shut off.

A miracle.

What was meaning?

Hend: The darkness meant judgment, the judgment of God upon our sins, his wrath as it were burning itself out in the very heart of Jesus, so that he, as our Substitute, suffered most intense agony, indescribable woe, terrible isolation or forsakenness. Hell came to Calvary that day, and the Savior descended into it and bore its horrors in our stead.

(Mt 27:46) 3 P.M. Jesus cried...

4th utterance

During this time Jesus

(2 Cor 5:21) made sin for us

(Gal 3:13) Made curse for us

(Isa 53:3-6) (Isa 52:14) … visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:

Eli, Eli, Lama Sabachthani: My God, My God, Why has Thou forsaken Me?

Mixture Hebrew and Syriac--Syro-Chaldaic. (Ps 22:1)

Jesus quoting scriptures during agony

Jesus experiencing hideous and awful reality of having sins of world placed on Him. (Mt 27:47)

Some understood this to be a fulfillment of prophesy in (Ps 22)

Commonly taught by Jews that Elijah introduce Messiah to people and Elijah be Messiah\'s assistant.

5th utterance: (Jn 19:28) "I thirst."

It was Jehovah God. A centurion issued the order and a soldier

…ran, …took a sponge, … gave him to drink.

Sour and cheap light wine--turned sour called vinegar.

Not act of compassion:

Wanted to quench thirst so more alert to pain and anguish.

However, not everyone was compassionate.

(Mt 27:49-50) loud voice: Not quiet whimper …was loud, full of strength.

yielded up the ghost. They did not kill Him.

He voluntarily gave it. (Jn 19:30) (Mt 20:28) (Luke 19:10) (John 10:11) (John 10:15)

In (Lk 23:46) Jesus utters 7th and last words on cross:

…cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.

When Jesus died, He took soul of penitent thief on cross with Him to paradise (Lk 23:43) .


1. The torn curtain

(Mt 27:51) Inner curtain in tabernacle that separated Holy Place from Holy of Holies.

Second veil

Cherubim, guardian angels of God's holiness.

Standing in way into holy of holies. Baring entrance

No one enter except High Priest.

Go in and plead mercy for sins Israel.

If violated any rules, God kill him. (Exo 28:34,35)

This is place God chose to meet with man.

There, show mercy for sins of mankind.

3 P.M.-- RIP! Happened at second of Jesus' death. (Heb 10:19,20) (Heb 4:16)

2. Earthquake, split rocks, opened tombs

Earth convulse.

Great breaks, cracks, and fissures

Graves, sepulchres commonly made in solid rocks

Graves were opened and dead bodies exposed.

3. Saints arose

(Mt 27:52)

Real resurrection,

I don't believe these saints died again.

They appeared to many for a time…God took them to heaven

What does all this mean?

Ready access to Throne

Promise of resurrection

Significance of His death.

(Mt 27:54) Now when the centurion, …

and those things that were done. supernatural events.

they feared greatly: The centurion and people around him.

Mockers, cynics, skeptics--all terrified.

they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.

No mere human. Hand of God on Him. (Luke 23:47,48)

Time Line

(Mt 27:55,56) Women who ministered to Jesus

(Mt 27:57-61) Burial

(Mt 27:62-66) Guards

(Mt 28:1-10) Jesus raises

(Mt 28:11-15) Attempts to bribe guards

(Mt 28:16-20) Jesus appears to disciples and gives Great Commission.

III. Why significant? Here’s why: If Jesus still in grave--no hope of heaven (1 Corinthians 15:20-22) if Jesus is still in the grave!

1. Pulpits resound with empty, meaningless preaching. (1 Cor 15:14)

2. Jesus no different than religious leaders.

3. Jesus not merit respect. (John 5:21) (John 5:25) (John 5:28-29) (John 11:23-25) (John 14:19)

4. Apostles not merit respect. (Rom 8:10-11) (1 Cor 6:14) (Phil. 3:21)

5. OT writers not merit respect. (Dan 12:2) (Job 14:14-15) (Job 19:25-27) (Ps 16:10) (Ps 17:15) (Isa 26:19)

6. Our Faith be Vain. (1 Cor 15:14) Meaningless, idle, useless, false, empty, worthless, ineffective.

7. No Hope for Eternity. (1 Cor 15:17)

H.P.Lippon: Faith in the resurrection is the very keystone of the arch of Christian faith, and, when it is removed, all must inevitably crumble into ruin.

8. All who died in Faith have no hope. (1 Cor 15:18)

IV. Jesus---3 credentials:

1. Impact of life upon history

2. Fulfilled prophecy in His life

3. His resurrection.

V. His Post Resurrection appearances:

1. Sunday AM near sepulcher; early—to Mary Magdalene;. (Mk 16:9) (Jn 20:11-18)

2. Sunday morning; near Jerusalem; to women returning from sepulcher;. (Mt 28:9,10)

3. Sunday; near Jerusalem-to Simon Peter alone;. (Lk 24:34)

4. Sunday afternoon; between Jerusalem and Emmaus--to 2 disciples going to Emmaus; (Lk 24:13-21)

5. Sunday evening; at Jerusalem; to apostles except Thomas. (Jn 20:19-25)

6. Sunday evening; at Jerusalem a week after the resurrection; to the apostles, Thomas being present,. (Jn 20:26-29)

Long period of time without sight of Jesus.

He appears to them on the shores of Galilee.

7. As stranger on shore, Jesus called to disciples who were fishing. (Jn 21:1-13)

8. Shortly after manifestation on shores of Galilee, Jesus appeared to eleven disciples on mountain in Galilee. (Mt 28:16-20)

9. Soon after, he appears to general group of believers in Galilee who were above 500 brethren at once. (1 Cor 15:6)

10. Toward end of 40 days, At Jerusalem --He appears to James.. (1 Cor 15:7)

11. At the end of 40 days, He appears to all apostles at Mt of Olives …at His ascension. . (Lk 24:50,51) (Acts 1:6-9)

12. Years later, appears to Paul on road to Damascus…

Infallible proofs of His resurrection. (Acts 1:3)

Why raise? (Romans 4:25)

What true of Him now? (Romans 8:34) (Hebrews 7:25) (Revelation 1:18) (Romans 6:4)

Guarantee of His resurrection? (1 Corinthians 15:17-18)

Those who have died… (Romans 6:5)

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